Stephanie E. Trapnell is a specialist in open government and accountability. She is engaged in the development of measures for transparency, accountability, and outcomes, and the implementation of learning and participatory processes for performance monitoring. Previously, she was the research manager of the Public Accountability Mechanisms (PAM) Initiative at the World Bank and the EuroPAM database in the Hertie School of Governance DIGIWHIST project. Her publications include Public Access to Information for Development: A Guide to Effective Implementation of Right to Information (2016), the User’s Guide to Measuring Corruption and Anti-corruption (2015), and Public Office, Private Interests: Accountability through Income and Asset Disclosure (2012). Her current research is focused on implementation processes in right to information systems, which includes civil society engagement and government administration. She is a PhD candidate in Sociology at George Mason University, and holds an MA from the Johns Hopkins University, School of Advanced International Studies and an AB from Bryn Mawr College.